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FT8 (Wsjt-x 2.0) protocol decoding in Cortex-M for experiment

FT8 (Wsjt-x 2.0) protocol decoding in Cortex-M for experiment

I implemented FT8 signal decoding on the STM32F746G-Disc board for Expermental.
I want to test whether Cortex-M based FT8 communication is possible. I used Wsjt-x 2.0 and some source code to enable FT8 decoding on the Cortex-M7 base.


I received the FT8 signal directly to the microphones (mems) on the STM32F746G-Disc board.

1.Implementation and experiment preparation
I have used web sdr for the experiment and can do real time testing.

The decoding comparison used Wsjt-x 2.05 (for FT4)

The red square in the picture below is the microphone for receiving the FT8 signal.

2.Experiment

First Decoding :
Compared to Wsjt-x 2.0, decoding is delayed about 2 seconds.

Second Decoding : Wsjt-x has already been decoded.

Cortex-M was decoded about 2 seconds later.


Test Video

3.conclusion
Several improvements have been made to the Cortex-M, but it is still difficult to use.
If 2 seconds are delayed, the next signal transmission has already begun.

The STM32F746 is 216Mhz and I have been successful in overclocking near 300Mhz a few years ago. (300Mhz is not accurate)

But I will not solve this problem with Overclock. I will keep the CPU speed below 216Mhz for stability.

The part that needs the most time to decode the FT8 protocol is the FFT processing part.


FT8 : Tone spacing = 6.25Hz * 8FSK = 50Hz

FFT Size : 3840 = 1920 * 2
             1920 = 12000(bitrate) / 6.25Hz (Tone spacing)
In this way, the FFT Bin unit will be 6.25 Hz.

I modified the Bitrate to slightly reduce the FFT Size while maintaining 6.25Hz. I also modified the Kiss-FFT library to work with Cortex-M.

I am going to make a few more improvements to fit Cortex-M. As a result of the improvement, if it is available in Cortex-M, I will make it public.

Thank you for reading

Comments

  1. Hello, I am charles hill, w5baa. After having tried decoding FT8 on an STM32F746 board myself I am quite interested in your experiment.

    I have authored several SDR projects using embedded processors including the SDR2GO and STM32_SDR projects. I also have an SDR radio running on the STM32f746.

    Will it be possible to get a copy of your firmware if I promise not to bug you with questions and suggestions?

    Regards,

    Charley

    ReplyDelete
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  3. Hi Have been looking for some one on the web with the imagination and skill to implement FT8 as a stand alone project as I am not capable of doing it myself. Many thanks Pete

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